Country report Rwanda

Economic overview

Rwanda aspires to reach Middle Income Country (MIC) status by 2035 and High-Income Country (HIC) status by 2050. This yearning will be helped out through a progression of seven-year National Strategies for Transformation (NST1), supported by itemized sectoral systems that are pointed toward accomplishment of the Sustainable Development Goals. 

The NST1 came after the usage of two, five-year Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategies—EDPRS (2008-12) and EDPRS-2 (2013-18), under which Rwanda experienced strong financial and social exhibitions. Development arrived at the midpoint of 7.5% throughout the decade to 2018, while per capita development homegrown item (GDP) developed at 5% yearly. 

Rwanda was in a period of prosperity preceding the COVID-19 (Covid) pandemic. Monetary development surpassed 10% in 2019, driven generally by enormous public speculations for execution of the National Strategy of Transformation. Solid development was required to proceed in 2020. 

The pandemic has disrupted worldwide progressions of merchandise and ventures with huge overflows to the more extensive worldwide economy. Exports and the travel industry are enduring a solid shot in the midst of disturbance in global exchange and travel.

Main sectors of industry

Leading sectors include  energy, agribusiness, exports and monetary administrations. Rwanda’s economy is overwhelmingly provincial and vigorously subject to farming. Solid development in the administrations area, especially development and the travel industry, has added to by and large financial development. Gross domestic product per capita was USD 830 of every 2018, as per the IMF. The public authority’s monetary need is transforming Rwanda into a territorial exchange, coordinations, and meeting center point. 

Rwanda’s small industrial sector contributes around 16 percent to GDP and utilizes under three percent of the populace. The administrations area – including the travel industry – creates practically 50% of GDP (47 percent) and has developed at a normal yearly pace of around eigtht percent lately.

Taxation for businesses in Rwanda

Rwanda operates both a source and living arrangement based tax assessment framework. This implies that any pay that is regarded to be from sources inside Rwanda will be obligated to burden in Rwanda. Furthermore, inhabitant elements are burdened on their overall pay. 

There are exceptional CIT rates for specific enterprises or areas of the economy. 

Recently recorded organizations on capital business sectors are burdened as follows for a time of five years: 

  • If an organization sells at any rate 20% of their offers to the public, the CIT rate is 28%. 
  • If an organization sells at any rate 30% of their offers to the public, the CIT rate is 25%. 
  • If an organization sells at any rate 40% of their offers  to the public, the CIT rate is 20%. 

Organizations and cooperatives that complete miniature money exercises, endorsed by equipped specialists, pay CIT at the pace of 0% for a time of a long time from the hour of their approval.

Investing in Rwanda

Despite the fact that FDI stocks have expanded lately because of Rwanda’s political security and measures zeroed in on improving the business atmosphere, FDI streams actually remain rather feeble. 

As per UNCTAD 2020 World Investment Report, inflows expanded from USD 382 million out of 2018 to USD 420 million out of 2019. FDI stock was assessed at USD 2,6 billion toward the finish of 2019. 

Investments are primarily focusing on the areas of mining, development and land, foundation and data and correspondence advances. As per insights from Rwanda Development Board (RDB), the main contributing countries are Portugal, the UK, India and the UAE.