Country report Poland

Economic overview

 The Polish economy is on course to record its first downturn in almost thirty years, with a normal compression of 3.9 percent this year, as indicated by the most recent version of the World Bank’s Europe and Central Asia Economic Update from october 2020. 

As indicated by the World Bank, development in Poland is required to arrive at 3.5 percent in 2021. The extended downturn in 2020 is less articulated than the 4.2 percent constriction foreseen in June, while the recuperation in 2021 is required to be quicker than the already determined 2.8 percent. Significant disadvantage dangers to this standpoint persevere, be that as it may. 

The pandemic-induced compression in 2020 is likewise expected to expand neediness in all nations in Europe and Central Asia. Based on the $5.50 per day poverty line, usually used in upper-middle-income countries, an additional 6 million people may slip into poverty. 

Main sectors of economy

In Poland, agricultural employs 10% of the dynamic populace and contributes about 2.1% of GDP (World Bank, 2019). Over 60% of Poland’s complete land territory is taken up by cultivating, and the nation is commonly independent regarding its food gracefully. The principle crops are rye, potatoes, beetroot, wheat and dairy items. Poland additionally breeds pigs and sheeps in domesticated animals cultivating. The nation is generally plentiful in characteristic assets and the fundamental minerals created are coal, sulfur, copper, lead and zinc. As per the Polish Agricultural Market Agency (ARR), there are generally 1.5 million little family ranches of under 9ha in the nation. 

The business area contributes 28.6% of GDP and utilizes 31% of the labor force. The World Bank appraises that the assembling business’ worth added up to 17% of the Polish GDP in 2018 (most recent information accessible). The nation’s primary mechanical areas are machine producing, media communications, climate, transport, development, modern food-handling and IT. A portion of the conventional areas have been in decrease, similar to the steel and shipbuilding ventures. The Polish vehicle industry is primarily trade arranged and has been profoundly impervious with the impacts of the financial emergency. 

The tertiary sector represents 56.8 of GDP, with about 59% of the active population. The area is blasting, particularly for budgetary administrations, coordinations, IT and the travel industry. This one specifically has seen a noteworthy development as of late, with the quantity of sightseers visiting the nation arriving at the record figure of 19.6 million guests in 2018 (+7% year-on-year, Polish Central Statistical Office).

Taxes for businesses

  • Corporate income tax rate Branch tax rate 19% (standard)/9% (reduced) 
  • Capital gains tax rate  19% (standard)/9% (reduced) 
  • Capital gains tax rate 19% 

Resident entities are taxed on worldwide income; nonresident entities are taxed only on Polish- source income. Foreign-source income derived by residents generally is subject to corporation tax in the same way as Polish-source income, usually with a foreign tax credit available, unless a tax treaty provides otherwise. Branches generally are taxed in the same manner as subsidiaries. 

Corporation tax is imposed on an organization’s benefits, which comprise of two sources (for example “bushels”) of pay: capital increases and other pay (which incorporates business/exchanging pay). Ordinary operational expense (with certain constraints including interest and other financing expenses and installments for theoretical administrations bought from related gatherings) might be deducted in computing taxable income.

Investing in Poland

Poland’s well-diversified economy decreases its weakness to outside stuns, despite the fact that it relies vigorously upon the EU as a fare market. Unfamiliar speculators additionally refer to Poland’s accomplished work power as a significant motivation to contribute, just as its vicinity to significant business sectors, for example, Germany. U.S. firms speak to probably the biggest gathering of unfamiliar speculators in Poland. 

Poland welcomes foreign investment as a wellspring of capital, development, and occupations, and as a vehicle for innovation move, innovative work (R&D), and reconciliation into worldwide flexibly chains. The public authority’s Strategy for Responsible Development distinguishes key objectives for drawing in speculation, including improving the venture atmosphere, a stable macroeconomic and administrative climate, and great corporate administration, remembering for state-controlled organizations. 

Foreign companies by and large appreciate unlimited admittance to the Polish market. In any case, Polish law limits unfamiliar responsibility for in chose vital areas, and cutoff points securing of land, particularly horticultural and woodland land. Moreover, the current government wants to expand the level of homegrown possession in certain businesses, for example, banking and retail which have huge property by unfamiliar organizations and has utilized sectoral charges and different measures to propel this point. 

Poland allows both foreign and domestic entities to set up and own business endeavors and take part in many types of profitable action per the Entrepreneurs’ Law which became effective on April 30, 2018. 

Polish law restricts foreign investment in certain land and real estate.