Country Report Macedonia

Economic Overview

Macedonia, whose name formally changed in January 2019 to turn out to be North Macedonia, is the least fortunate of the previous Yugoslav republics; nonetheless, it has gained noteworthy ground in extending its economy over the previous decade.

The economy developed on average 5% every year somewhere in the range of 2004 and 2008, driven mostly by residential utilization and fares (outstandingly metals and material items). After a growth of 2.7% in 2018, the economy quickened to an expected 3.2% in 2019, upheld by household request which profited by an ascent in the lowest pay permitted by law (which included just about 33% of the workforce). Venture is set to continue ascending at both open (foundation, with EBRD backing) and private level (for the most part in the vitality area, following the 2019 advancement of the power division). The IMF conjectures a development of 3.4% this year and 3.2% in 2021.

Concerning public finances, the modified 2019 general government deficitl is figure at 2.5% of GDP (from 1.1% one year sooner), and it is relied upon to enlarge because of the up and coming 2020 races and the continuous street framework ventures. The obligation to-GDP proportion remained at 40.7% in 2019, of which more than 66% is held by remote banks, while 80% is designated in EUR (the Macedonian denar is pegged to the euro).

Main sectors of Industry

The Republic of North Macedonia (in the past known as FYROM) has been customarily founded on agribusiness. The rural part speaks to 7.2% of the GDP and utilizes 16% of the dynamic populace (World Bank, 2019). 

Arable agricultural land  represents half of the complete region, of which around 66% is classified as fields, and the rest as arable horticultural land. The nation fundamentally creates grapes, tobacco, vegetables and organic products. Sheep and goat rearing is similarly significant. There are a couple of stores of iron, copper and lead in the nation. 

The industrial speaks to 23.6% of the GDP and utilizes 30.4% of the dynamic populace. It incorporates synthetic items, steel, apparatus and materials. The material segment comprises the principle business of the nation, particularly the cowhide business. The assembling segment alone contributes 13% of the GDP (World Bank). 

The tertiary sector speaks to 54.2% of the GDP and utilizes 53.7% of the absolute workforce. The fundamental pay sources originate from transport, broadcast communications and vitality creation. The Macedonian financial division is self-subsidized and stable, and it is made out of 17 organizations (fifteen banks and two reserve funds houses).

Taxation for businesses

Value added tax (VAT) – Tax Rate18%

A reduced rate e of 5% applies to food  for human consumption; food for livestock; drinking water from open stockpile frameworks; PCs and programming; horticultural material and gear; wood pellets, pellet ovens, and pellet boilers; infant items; school supplies (for example school knapsacks, scratch pad, pencils); pharmaceutics and clinical gear; distributions, for example, books, flyers, papers, and other written word, aside from productions predominantly utilized for promoting purposes; transport of travelers; and convenience administrations, informal lodging administrations, just as half-load up and full-load up administrations gave by hotelkeepers in the nation, and so forth. 

Exports are zero-rated. The supply and leasing of residences, banking and money related administrations, protection, wellbeing and training are absolved. 

Other Consumption Taxes – Petroleum items, liquor and mixed drinks, tobacco items, and engine vehicles are liable to extract obligation at a level or rate. 

A property tax is paid every year on the responsibility for domain. An exchange charge is likewise applied. 

Organizations and individuals are obligated for paying collective charges for use of specific rights and administrations (for example trash assortment, ecc.).

Investing in Macedonia

It is an export center point for the vehicle and distribution of products among Asia and Europe of clothing, food and refreshments and car parts and vehicles. The article of clothing industry in North Macedonia sends out primarily to EU nations. 93% of creation is prepared around the Cut, Make and Trim (CMT) framework. 

The food and beverage industry is one of the most dynamic and significant in the nation, commanded by animals and the development of vegetables, grains, and tobacco. 

Software and IT-related exports are one of the quickest developing segments, because of the developing enthusiasm of Western European and American organizations in re-appropriating IT and programming related exercises to the district because of its created broadcast communications framework, lower work costs (normal gross pay rates of around EUR 600 every month), exceptionally talented human capital, and expense and foundation favorable circumstances. 

Foreign individuals and entities may invest in North Macedonia on structures and houses under correspondence conditions and following endorsement from the Ministry of Justice. As to land, outside characteristic and legal  person may claim or rent (as long as 99 years) land for development, however can’t legitimately obtain responsibility for land without being allowed exceptional authorization by the specialists. 

There are no limitations on foreigners to esatblish new companies in North Macedonia and setting up a 100% foreign-owned company. A government grant isn’t required, with the exception of in cases including banking, protection, and venture reserves.